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Neurosci Lett. 2001 Jul 13;307(2):101-4.

Characterization of murine immunoglobulin G antibodies against human amyloid-beta1-42.

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The Roskamp Institute, University of South Florida, 3515 E. Fletcher Avenue, Tampa, FL 33613, USA.


It has been demonstrated that immunization of transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with amyloid-beta1-42 peptide (Abeta1-42) results in amelioration of AD-like pathology, including reduced soluble and deposited beta-amyloid and decreased cognitive impairment. Based on the proposed importance of immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-Abeta antibodies (Abs) in these effects, we sought to characterize these Abs in splenocytes from mice immunized with Abeta1-42. Data show that a more aggregated preparation of Abeta1-42 gives a robust IgG anti-Abeta Ab response, while these Abs are almost undetectable when a less aggregated preparation of Abeta1-42 is used as the immunogen. Importantly, IgG anti-Abeta Ab production is detected after just 12 weeks of Abeta1-42 treatment. Analysis of anti-Abeta Ab IgG isotypes reveals that the majority of these Abs are IgG1, with significantly fewer Abs of the IgG2a or IgG2b isotypes (IgG1>IgG2a>IgG2b), suggesting a T lymphocyte helper type II response after Abeta1-42 immunization. To determine the epitope of Abeta recognized by IgG anti-Abeta Abs, intact Abeta and Abeta peptide fragments were analyzed for their ability to bind these Abs. Data show that these Abs specifically recognize an amino-terminal epitope of Abeta between amino acids one and twelve, with higher affinity for a more soluble preparation of Abeta1-42. These data further indicate the immunogenic potential of Abeta1-42 and offer insight into the nature of the IgG anti-Abeta Ab response.

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