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Vaccine. 2001 Jul 16;19(28-29):3896-903.

Staphylococcus aureus capsular polysaccharide type 5 conjugate and whole cell vaccines stimulate antibody responses in cattle.

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Department of Immunoprophylaxis, National Veterinary Institute, PB 8156, 0033 Oslo Dep., Norway.


Dairy heifers were immunized subcutaneously with one of four different vaccines which contained preparations of Staphylococcus aureus capsular polysaccharide type 5 (CP5) and a mineral oil adjuvant, or received a placebo containing saline and adjuvant. The vaccine containing a CP5-human serum albumin conjugate (CP5-HSA) and the vaccine with formaldehyde inactivated whole cells expressing CP5, both elicited strong anti-CP5 antibody responses. After two injections three weeks apart and a third injection 10 months later, the mean level and duration of the anti-CP5 antibody response was significantly higher in the whole cell group. No differences were found between the two groups with regard to the relative proportion of IgG subclasses, and the antibody responses to the polysaccharide were composed of both the IgG1 and IgG2. Vaccines containing only free CP5 or CP5 mixed with HSA produced weak and transient humoral immune responses. Only animals vaccinated with the whole cell vaccine or the conjugate vaccine showed responses to CP5 in a lymphocyte proliferation assay conducted one year after the third vaccination. This study indicates that CP5 expressed on the surface of formaldehyde inactivated whole cells, emulsified in an oil adjuvant, gives a strong and long lasting immune response in cattle. The use of conjugation technology, although effective, might not be necessary in order to achieve an immune response against S. aureus CP5 in cattle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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