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Biomaterials. 2001 Jul;22(14):1953-9.

Compressive properties of cancellous bone defects in a rabbit model treated with particles of natural bone mineral and synthetic hydroxyapatite.

Author information

1
Rehabilitation Engineering R & D, West Roxbury Veterans Administration Medical Center, West Roxbury, MA, USA.

Abstract

A rabbit model was developed to evaluate the compressive mechanical properties of cancellous bone defects treated with particles of selected bone graft substitute materials. A novel feature of the model was the precise retrieval of the site of implantation. A notable finding was a 9-fold increase in the modulus of elasticity of the defect implanted with a synthetic hydroxyapatite material after 26 weeks when compared to the modulus of the trabecular bone normally at the site. The compressive modulus of lesions treated with particles of a natural bovine bone mineral (anorganic bovine bone) was closer to the normal modulus of the cancellous bone at the site. While the compressive strength of the anorganic bone particles was less than that of normal bone, the site implanted with the bone mineral particles achieved compressive strength greater than normal after 6 weeks. Moreover, the anorganic bone particles accelerated the increase in strength of the lesion, at 6 weeks exceeding the strength achieved by the untreated defect after 26 weeks. The potential problem associated with the disparity in the compressive modulus between sites implanted with the synthetic HA particles and surrounding bone is discussed.

PMID:
11426873
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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