Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001 Jun;55(6):436-43.

Effect of a high monounsaturated fatty acid diet on blood pressure and glucose metabolism in women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
Gynecological/Obsterical Department Y, Center for Diabetes and Pregnancy, Skejby Hospital, Skejby, Denmark. AFFL@RINGAMT.DK

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The effect of a diet rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) on blood pressure, glycemic control, lipids and insulin sensitivity was evaluated in women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

A randomized, unpaired diet intervention was performed in 27 women with gestational diabetes mellitus in an outpatient clinic. After randomization the women received either a high-carbohydrate diet (H-CHO) or a high-MUFA diet (H-MUFA) from the 33rd gestational week of pregnancy. Outcome measures were 24 h ambulatory blood pressure, blood lipids, glycemic control and insulin sensitivity estimated by an intravenous glucose tolerance test.

RESULTS:

The 24 h diastolic blood pressure increased more in the H-CHO group than in the H-MUFA group (P<0.04).

CONCLUSIONS:

After 5 weeks of treatment with a MUFA-enriched diet, no increase in 24 h diastolic blood pressure and no adverse effects on blood lipids were seen. The favorable effect on the blood pressure by the MUFA diet is a possible non-medication treatment. The H-MUFA diet had no advantage to the H-CHO diet in ameliorating the decline of insulin sensitivity in third term of pregnancy in GDM.

PMID:
11423920
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center