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Clin Exp Dermatol. 2001 May;26(3):233-41.

Improvement in psoriasis after intradermal administration of delipidated, deglycolipidated Mycobacterium vaccae (PVAC): results of an open-label trial.

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Leonard Wood Memorial Center for Leprosy Research (American Leprosy Foundation), Cebu City, Philippines.


The aim of new treatments for psoriasis is to induce extended remissions with fewer side-effects. Previous studies suggest that Mycobacterium vaccae, a harmless organism prepared as a heat-killed suspension, may induce periods of remission in some psoriasis patients after intradermal administration. To assess a more potent derivative of M. vaccae, we conducted an open-label study in which 20 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index of 12-35) received two intradermal inoculations of heat-killed, delipidated, deglycolipidated M. vaccae (DD-MVAC or 'PVAC') in lesion-free deltoid skin, separated by a period of 3 weeks. Twelve weeks after the injections, 13 out of 20 patients (65%) showed marked improvement in the PASI score (> 50% reduction), three were unchanged (< 25% reduction), three had worsened (> 5% increase), and one was withdrawn from the trial because of an exfoliative flare. At 24 weeks, 13 out of 19 patients continued to show > 50% improvement that, in some, lasted for 6 months or longer. Patients classified as good responders at 12 or 24 weeks were then offered additional PVAC injections after 24 weeks if the PASI reached 8 or higher. Intra-dermal administration of PVAC was safe, well tolerated, and induced clinically significant improvement in many psoriasis patients. A randomized, double-blind, controlled study is warranted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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