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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1979 Jul 5;554(2):323-31.

Identification of the protein producing transmembrane diffusion pores in the outer membrane of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01.


The outer membrane of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01 is permeable to saccharides of molecular weights lower than about 6000. Triton X-100/EDTA-soluble outer membrane proteins were fractionated by ion-exchange chromatography in the presence of Triton X-100 and EDTA, and the protein contents of the various fractions analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Each of the major protein bands present in the Triton X-100/EDTA soluble outer membrane was separated from one another. Adjacent fractions were pooled, concentrated and extensively dialyzed to reduce the Triton X-100 concentration. Vesicles were reconstituted from lipopolysaccharide, phospholipids and each of these dialyzed fractions, and examined for their ability to retain [14C]sucrose. Control experiments indicated that the residual levels of Triton X-100 remaining in the dialyzed fractions had no effect on the formation or permeability to saccharides of the reconstituted vesicles. It was concluded that a major outer membrane polypeptide with an apparent weight of 35,000 is a porin, responsible for the size-dependent permeability of the outer membrane.

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