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Immunity. 2001 Jun;14(6):727-37.

An essential role for Daxx in the inhibition of B lymphopoiesis by type I interferons.

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Division of Developmental and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.


Interferon-alpha and -beta inhibit the interleukin-7-mediated growth and survival of T and B lymphoid progenitors via an unknown, STAT1-independent pathway. Gene expression profile analysis of interferon-beta-treated progenitor B cells revealed enhanced Daxx expression, with concomitant Daxx protein increase and nuclear body translocation. The interferon effects included downregulation of cell cycle regulating genes and cell cycle arrest, followed by Bcl-2 downregulation and apoptosis. Daxx antisense oligonucleotides rescued the interferon-treated pro-B cells from growth arrest and apoptosis in parallel with the reduction of nuclear Daxx. These findings implicate the gene repressor function of Daxx in interferon-induced apoptosis of lymphoid progenitors.

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