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J Appl Psychol. 2001 Jun;86(3):459-67.

Affective personality and the content of emotional social support: coping in organizations.

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  • 1Department of Management, Marketing, and Industrial Distribution, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA.


This field study extended previous research by simultaneously examining the influence of affective personality on 4 dimensions of emotional social support and job burnout. Furthermore, the dimensions of emotional social support were examined as to their differential effects on the components of burnout. Results suggest that affective personality characteristics are associated with emotional social support as well as burnout dimensions. Results also indicate that some types of emotional social support appear to guard against burnout, whereas other types appear to contribute to the burnout experience. These findings suggest that types of emotional social support may have different personality antecedents and that distinct dimensions of social support have differential consequences in regard to burnout. Suggestions for future research are offered.

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