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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2001 Apr-May;64(4-5):227-30.

Arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone induces lipid body formation in leukocytes.

Author information

1
Immunopharmacology Laboratory, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract

Leukocyte lipid bodies, abundant in cells associated with inflammation, can be induced to form in response to stimuli that include cis -unsaturated, but not saturated, fatty acids. Arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone (AACOCF(3)), a non-esterifiable arachidonate analog and an inhibitor of cytosolic phospholipase A(2)enzymes (PLA(2)), dose-dependently (0-20 microM) stimulated neutrophil lipid body formation, but this stimulation was not attributable to PLA(2)inhibition. Palmitoyl trifluoromethyl ketone, also a PLA(2)inhibitor, failed to stimulate lipid body formation, like palmitic acid itself, and did not inhibit stimulated lipid body formation. Moreover, aspirin, indomethacin and ibuprofen, which inhibit cis -unsaturated fatty acid-induced lipid body formation, inhibited AACOCF(3)-induced lipid body formation. Lipid body induction with AACOCF(3)reflected its structural basis as a cis -unsaturated fatty acid analog. These results indicate that cytosolic PLA(2)enzymes are not active in lipid body induction and cis -fatty acid stimulation of lipid body formation does not require esterification of cis -fatty acids into glycerolipids.

PMID:
11418016
DOI:
10.1054/plef.2001.0264
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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