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Phys Rev Lett. 2001 Jun 25;86(26 Pt 1):5998-6001.

Electroresistance and electronic phase separation in mixed-valent manganites.

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Center for Superconductivity Research, Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-4111, USA.


The sensitivity of transport in colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) manganites to external electric and magnetic fields is examined using field effect configurations with La(0.7)Ca(0.3)MnO(3) (LCMO), Na(0.7)Sr(0.3)MnO(3), La(0.7)Ba(0.3)MnO(3), and La(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO(3) (0.5-doped LCMO) channels, and ferroelectric PbZr(0.2)Ti(0.8)O(3) (PZT) or dielectric (SrTiO(3)) gates. A large electroresistance (ER) of approximately 76% at 4 x 10(5) V/cm is found in LCMO with PZT-ferroelectric gate, but the magnitude of the effect is much smaller (a few percent) in the other three channels. The ER and CMR effects are remarkably complimentary. The size and systematics of the effect strongly favor a percolative phase separation picture.

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