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Phys Rev Lett. 2001 Jun 18;86(25):5763-6.

Closing the pseudogap by Zeeman splitting in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+y at high magnetic fields.

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IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598, USA.


Interlayer tunneling resistivity is used to probe the low-energy density-of-states (DOS) depletion due to the pseudogap in the normal state of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+y. Measurements up to 60 T reveal that a field that restores DOS to its ungapped state shows strikingly different temperature and doping dependencies from the characteristic fields of the superconducting state. The pseudogap closing field and the pseudogap temperature T small star, filled evaluated independently are related through a simple Zeeman energy scaling. These findings indicate a predominant role of spins over the orbital effects in the formation of the pseudogap.

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