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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2001 May;55(5):638-43.

Sugar composition of biofilms produced by paper mill bacteria.

Author information

1
Process Chemistry Group, Abo Akademi University, Turku, Finland. Lenita.Lindberg@abo.fi

Abstract

Biofilms of paper mill bacteria were cultivated in paper mill white water-simulating conditions on glass slides or stainless steel coupons in a laboratory culture system. The sugar content and composition of the biofilms were analysed and compared with the sugar composition of paper mill slimes. Acid methanolysis followed by gas chromatography revealed that Burkholderia was the major biofilm producer in pure culture, producing up to 50 microg of biofilm sugar cm(-2) in 5 days in rich medium and 10 microg in paper mill simulating medium. A mixture of simulated paper mill water with a culture medium yielded more biofilm (100 microg cm(-2)) than either of the media alone, so the biofilm accumulation was not proportional to the available substrate. More biofilm accumulated on stainless steel coupons than on glass slides, and the steel-coupon biofilms contained slightly more uronic acids. The biofilm sugars contained mainly galactose, glucose, mannose, and rhamnose. In paper mill medium, the Burkholderia biofilm contained more galactose and glucose, and less rhamnose, than in rich laboratory medium. The sugar composition of paper mill slimes was quite similar to those of steel-cultured Burkholderia cepacia biofilms. This suggests that Burkholderia cepacia is responsible for much of the slime in the paper mill.

PMID:
11414334
DOI:
10.1007/s002530000525
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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