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Parasite Immunol. 2001 Jun;23(6):291-6.

Interleukin-10 does not contribute to the pathogenesis of a virulent strain of Toxoplasma gondii.

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1
Department of Pathobiology, University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-10 is an inhibitor of cell mediated immunity and an antagonist of the development of protective immune responses associated with resistance to T. gondii. These observations led to the hypothesis that the production of IL-10 could contribute to the ability of T. gondii to replicate and survive in an immune competent host. To determine whether the production of IL-10 affects the ability of the RH strain of T. gondii to cause a lethal infection in mice, we compared the immune response to RH in IL-10+/+ and IL-10-/- BALB/c mice. Both groups of mice produced comparable amounts of IL-12 and interferon (IFN)-gamma and had similar mortality curves and parasite burdens. The use of green fluorescent protein-labelled parasites allowed us to infect IL-10+/+ and IL-10-/- mice and use a fluorescence-activated cell sorter to distinguish infected and uninfected populations of macrophages and compare their expression of CD80, CD86 and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II. Although infected cells expressed higher overall levels of these molecules than uninfected cells, there were no differences between cells isolated from IL-10+/+ and IL-10-/- mice. Taken together, these results indicate that IL-10 is not required for the virulence of the RH strain of T. gondii, nor is it involved in the regulation of the CD80, CD86 and MHC class II molecules during RH-infection.

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