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Int J Cancer. 2001 Jun 20;96(3):159-65.

Cyclin D1 overexpression associates with radiosensitivity in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery II, Okayama University Dental School, Okayama, Japan. satoru@m.ehime-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Overexpression of cyclin D1, a G1 cell cycle regulator, is often found in many different tumor types, including oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCC). Recent laboratory experiments have demonstrated that cyclin D1 levels can influence radiosensitivity in various cell lines. This study evaluated the relationship between cyclin D1 expression levels and radiosensitivity in nine oral SCC cell lines (HSC2, HSC3, HSC4, SCC15, SCC25, SCC66, SCC111, Ca9-22, and NAN2) and 41 clinical patients with oral SCC who underwent preoperative radiation therapy. Radiosensitivity of the nine oral SCC cell lines differed greatly in their response to radiation, assessed by a standard colony formation assay. Likewise, the expression of cyclin D1 varied, and the magnitude of the cyclin D1 expression correlated with increased tumor radiosensitivity. The similar significant association between the response to preoperative radiation therapy and cyclin D1 overexpression was observed in the oral SCC patients who were treated with preoperative radiation therapy. These results suggest that cyclin D1 expression levels correlate to radiosensitivity and could be used to predict the effectiveness of radiation therapy on oral SCC.

PMID:
11410884
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.1014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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