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Gene. 2001 Jun 13;271(1):43-9.

Intron loss in the SART1 genes of Fugu rubripes and Tetraodon nigroviridis.

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  • 1Institute of Genetics, Queen's Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK.


The human SART1 gene was initially identified in a screen for proteins recognised by IgE, which may be implicated in atopic disease. We have examined the genomic structure and cDNA sequence of the SART1 gene in the compact genomes of the pufferfish Fugu rubripes and Tetraodon nigroviridis. The entire coding regions of both the Fugu and Tetraodon SART1 genes are contained within single exons. The Fugu gene contains only one intron located in the 5' untranslated region. Southern blot hybridisation of Fugu genomic DNA confirmed the SART1 gene to be single copy. Partial genomic structures were also determined for the human, mouse, Drosophila and C. elegans SART1 homologues. The human and mouse genes both contain many introns in the coding region, the human gene possessing at least 20 exons. The Drosophila and C. elegans homologues contain 6 and 12 exons, respectively. This is only the second time such a difference in the organization of homologous Fugu and human genes has been reported. The Fugu and Tetraodon SART1 genes encode putative proteins of 772 and 774 aa, respectively, each having 65% amino acid identity to human SART1. Leucine zipper and basic motifs are conserved in the predicted Fugu and Tetraodon proteins.

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