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Cancer Lett. 2001 Aug 10;169(1):27-32.

EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478 inhibits cell proliferation and arrests cell cycle in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.

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Cancer Institute, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Sciences, 651 DongFeng Road East, GuangZhou 510060, China.


Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which occurs with a high incidence in southern China and southeast Asia, is of epithelial origin with overexpression of EGF receptor. To study the effect of inhibition of EGFR signaling on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell proliferation and cell cycle distribution, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478 was employed to treat Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma CNE2 cells. The results showed that AG1478 inhibited proliferation of CNE2 cells. Immunoblot showed that AG1478 inhibited EGFR phosphorylation in CNE2 cells without reduced expression of EGFR protein. The activation of Akt and MAPK which are downstream molecules of EGFR signaling pathway, were also inhibited by AG1478. AG1478 induced cell cycle arrest in G1 phase, and the levels of protein p27 were significantly up-regulated. We concluded that inhibition of the EGFR signaling induced cell cycle arrest in G1 phase in CNE2 cells and p27 up-regulation was involved in this process. The EGFR kinase specific inhibitor is of potential to be developed into drugs for NPC treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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