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J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Jun;49(6):2930-9.

Evolution of the taste of a bitter Camembert cheese during ripening: characterization of a matrix effect.

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Laboratoire de Recherches sur les Arômes, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 17 rue Sully, B.P. 86510, 21065 Dijon Cedex, France.


The objective of this study was to characterize the effect of ripening on the taste of a typically bitter Camembert cheese. The first step was to select a typically bitter cheese among several products obtained by different processes supposed to enhance this taste defect. Second, the evolution of cheese taste during ripening was characterized from a sensory point of view. Finally, the relative impact of fat, proteins, and water-soluble molecules on cheese taste was determined by using omission tests performed on a reconstituted cheese. These omission tests showed that cheese taste resulted mainly from the gustatory properties of water-soluble molecules but was modulated by a matrix effect due to fat, proteins, and cheese structure. The evolution of this matrix effect during ripening was discussed for each taste characteristic.

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