Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Hypertens Res. 2001 May;24(3):195-201.

Diurnal variation of hemodynamic indices in non-dipper hypertensive patients.

Author information

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, Japan.


The purpose of this study was to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of blunted nocturnal blood pressure reduction in non-dipper hypertensive patients. We studied the diurnal variations in systemic hemodynamic indices and baroreflex sensitivity. In 45 subjects with essential hypertension (24 men; mean age, 49+/-1 years), intra-arterial pressure was monitored telemetrically. Non-dippers were defined as those with a nocturnal reduction of systolic blood pressure of less than 10% of daytime systolic blood pressure. Stroke volume was determined using Wesseling's pulse contour method, calibrated with indocyanine green dilution. Baroreflex sensitivity was calculated as deltapulse interval/deltasystolic blood pressure on spontaneous variations. The mean values of the hemodynamic parameters were calculated every 30 min. Twenty-six subjects were classified as non-dippers. Daytime blood pressure was not significantly different between dippers (149+/-4/87+/-3 mmHg) and non-dippers (147+/-3/82+/-2 mmHg), while the nighttime blood pressure was significantly reduced in dippers (131+/-3/77+/-2 mmHg) but not in non-dippers (145+/-3/80+/-2 mmHg). Nocturnal decreases in both cardiac index and stroke index were smaller in non-dippers (-12.0+/-1.2% and 1.5+/-1.0%) than in dippers (-17.5+/-1.4% and -2.2+/-1.1%). Baroreflex sensitivity significantly increased at nighttime both in dippers (6.5+/-0.6 to 8.0+/-0.7 ms/mmHg) and in non-dippers (5.1+/-0.3 to 6.4+/-0.4 ms/mmHg). Neither daytime nor nighttime baroreflex sensitivity was significantly different between the groups. We conclude that the hemodynamics of non-dipper essential hypertension are characterized by an inadequate nocturnal decrease in cardiac index and stroke index, suggestive of relative volume expansion or malsuppressed sympathetic activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for J-STAGE, Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic
    Loading ...
    Support Center