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Folia Primatol (Basel). 1975;24(1):60-80.

Territory and monogamy among Kloss' gibbons (Hylobates klossii) in Siberut Island, Indonesia.


Behavior of Kloss' gibbons was studied from July 1 to October 7, 1972 in Siberut Island, off the coast of western Sumatra, Indonesia. Reproductive groups are monogamous families with a mean family size of 3.4 individuals (n = 11 families). Such families occupy territories averaging 6.7 ha. Adults defend their territories only against members of the same sex. This intrasexual defense of territory maintains the monogamous mating system. Other social units were unmated resident females, unmated resident males, floating males, and a courting pair. Males establish territories before mating, perhaps with help from their parents. Males guard their families against predators. Females lead progression through the territory. Subadults remain peripheral to their families but other family members tend to remain within 10 m of one another.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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