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ILAR J. 2001;42(2):161-77.

Animal models of hepatitis A and E.

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Hepatitis Viruses and Molecular Hepatitis Sections, Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.


Several useful animal models for both hepatitis A and E have been identified, characterized, and refined. At present, all of the best models utilize nonhuman primates: chimpanzees, tamarin species, and owl monkeys for hepatitis A; and macaque species, chimpanzees, and owl monkeys for hepatitis E. Pigs may prove useful for some studies of hepatitis E, and it is hoped that serological evidence of widespread infection of rats with an HEV-like agent may lead to the development of an animal model based on laboratory rats. As has been the case for each of the hepatitis viruses as they have been discovered, the development of useful and reproducible animal model systems has been critical for moving the field forward as expeditiously as possible.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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