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Curr Opin Immunol. 2001 Jun;13(3):299-306.

Proximal protein tyrosine kinases in immunoreceptor signaling.

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Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, IRCM, 110 Pine Avenue West, H2W 1R7, Montréal, Québec, Canada.


Immunoreceptor engagement results in the sequential activation of several classes of protein tyrosine kinases, including the Src and Syk/Zap-70 families. Recent progress has been made in our understanding of the regulation and function of these molecules. First, it was revealed that membrane compartmentation of protein tyrosine kinases may be essential for their proper biological function. Second, Src family kinases were found to act not only as positive regulators, but also as inhibitors of cell activation. Third, it was appreciated that Csk, a potent inhibitor of Src kinases, is regulated by an assortment of protein-protein interactions. Fourth, differences in the regulation of Syk and Zap-70 were observed, suggesting significant distinctions in the purpose of these two kinases in immunoreceptor signaling. And fifth, it was suggested that proximal kinases implicated in immunoreceptor-mediated signal transduction may be regulated by protein degradation via binding to c-Cbl, a ubiquitin ligase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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