Send to

Choose Destination
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 May 28;1519(1-2):70-7.

Molecular cloning and functional characterization of two murine cDNAs which encode Ubc variants involved in DNA repair and mutagenesis.

Author information

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Saskatchewan, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E5.


Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (Ubc) variants share structural similarity with Ubcs but lack the essential cysteine residue required to form a thioester bond with ubiquitin. Yeast Mms2 is a Ubc variant and plays an important role in error-free DNA postreplication repair to protect cells from killing by DNA damaging agents and mutagenesis. Ironically, one of two known Mms2 homologs, CROC1, has been linked to cell immortalization and tumorigenesis. To further investigate cellular roles played by mammalian Mms2 homologs, we report here the molecular cloning, tissue distribution and functional characterization of two mouse cDNAs encoding mMMS2 and mCROC1. Unlike human CROC1, the mCROC1 gene does not encode two alternative transcripts in most tissues. Instead, nonoverlapping sequences were found in two distinct cDNA clones that together would constitute a full-length open reading frame homologous to CROC1B. Both mMMS2 and the C-terminal mCROC1 core domain are able to complement the yeast mms2 mutant functionally and are able to interact with Ubc13 in a yeast two-hybrid assay, indicating that they are true yeast Mms2 homologs and may play a similar role in DNA postreplication repair. We propose several hypotheses to reconcile the seemingly contradictory observations regarding roles of the two mammalian Mms2 homologs in tumorigenesis and carcinogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center