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J Inherit Metab Dis. 2001 Apr;24(2):151-65.

Clinical, biochemical and genetic aspects and neuronal migration in peroxisome biogenesis disorders.

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Department of Pediatrics, Gifu University School of Medicine, Japan.


Peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) are severe autosomal recessive neurological diseases caused by a defect of peroxisomal assembly factors. Zellweger syndrome, the most severe phenotype, is characterized by hypotonia, psychomotor retardation and neuronal migration disorder. Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy and infantile Refsum disease are milder phenotypes of this disease. Thirteen complementation groups have been established since the genetic heterogeneity of PBDs was elucidated in 1988. Eleven genes for PBDs have been identified either by a functional complementation cloning or by EST homology searches. In 1992, the first gene for PBDs, PEX2, was identified. It encodes peroxisomal integral membrane protein with a RING finger domain. PEX5 and PEX7 are the genes for peroxisomal targeting signal (PTS)-1 and -2 receptors, respectively. PEX3, PEX16 and PEX19 are considered to be required for the early stage of peroxisome biogenesis. PEX13 protein has an SH3 docking site that binds to the PTS-1 receptor. PEX1 and PEX6 encode ABC protein, and PEX10 and PEX12 also encode integral membrane protein, with RING finger. Temperature-sensitivity, whereby peroxisomal biogenesis and metabolic dysfunctions are restored at 30 degrees C in cells from mild phenotypes, is a useful event for predicting the clinical severity and for elucidation of peroxisome biogenesis. Investigations using knockout mice are expected to facilitate understanding of migration disorders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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