Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Neurosci. 2001 May;13(10):1849-60.

Neurotoxicity of channel mutations in heterologously expressed alpha7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

Author information

Division of Neurobiology, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA.


Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) composed of chick alpha7 subunits mutated to threonine at amino acid valine-251 in the putative channel-lining M2 domain were expressed heterologously in several neuron-like and non-neuronal mammalian cell lines. Expression of mutant alpha7-nAChR is toxic to neuron-like cells of the human neuroblastoma cell lines SH-SY5Y and IMR-32, but not to several other cell types. Growth in the presence of the alpha7-nAChR antagonist methyllycaconitine (MLA) protects against neurotoxicity, as does gradual downregulation of functional, mutant alpha7-nAChR in surviving transfected SH-SY5Y cells. Relative to wild-type alpha7-nAChR, functional alpha7-nAChR mutants show a higher affinity for agonists, slower rates of desensitization, and sensitivity to dihydro-beta-erythroidine (DHbetaE) as an agonist, but they retain sensitivity to MLA as a competitive antagonist. These findings demonstrate that expression of hyperfunctional, mutant forms of Ca2+-permeable alpha7-nAChR is toxic to neuron-like cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center