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Plant Physiol. 2001 Jun;126(2):899-909.

Novel patterns of ectopic cell plate growth and lipid body distribution in the Arabidopsis gemini pollen1 mutant.

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  • 1Department of Biology, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.


The nature of aberrant gametophytic cell divisions and altered pollen cell fate in the gemini pollen1 (gem1) mutant was investigated through ultrastructural analysis. The earliest noticeable defect in gem1 was the appearance of extended membrane profiles at the early bicellular stage. These were replaced by ectopic internal walls, which divided the cytoplasm into twin or multiple cell compartments. Complete or partial internal walls were callosic with highly complex profiles, indicating failed guidance or deregulated cell plate growth. Extended membrane profiles and delayed callose synthesis at division sites further suggested a novel pattern of cell plate assembly in gem1. Multiple cell compartments in gem1 adopted vegetative cell fate with regard to lipid body distribution. In the wild type, lipid bodies appear specifically in the vegetative cell, whereas in gem1, lipid bodies accumulated in all cytoplasmic compartments. Our results support the hypothesis that altered pollen cell fate in gem1 results from abnormal inheritance of cell fate determinants as a result of disturbed cytokinesis.

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