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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Apr 6;282(3):781-6.

Significance of ecto-cyclase activity of CD38 in insulin secretion of mouse pancreatic islet cells.

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Department of Biochemistry, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Chonju, 561-182, Korea.


Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a product of CD38, has a second messenger role for in intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization from microsomes of pancreatic islets as well as from a variety of other cells. ADP-ribosylation of CD38 by ecto-mono ADP-ribosyltransferase in activated T cells results in apoptosis as well as inactivation of its activities. We, therefore, examined the effect of ADP-ribosylation of CD38 in mouse pancreatic islet cells. NAD-dependent inactivation and ADP-ribosylation of CD38, intracellular concentrations of cADPR and Ca(2+), and insulin secretion were measured following incubation of mouse pancreatic islet cells with NAD. ADP-ribosylation of CD38 inactivated its ecto-enzyme activities, and abolished glucose-induced increase of cADPR production, intracellular concentration of Ca(2+), and insulin secretion. Taken together, ecto-cyclase activity of CD38 to produce intracellular cADPR seems to be indispensable for insulin secretion.

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