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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Mar 30;282(2):432-5.

Factor Xa-evoked relaxation in rat aorta: involvement of PAR-2.

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Department of Pathophysiology & Therapeutics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, 577-8502, Japan.


Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) and/or effector cell protease receptor-1 (EPR-1) may mediate the direct cellular actions of coagulation factor Xa in some cultured cell lines. The present study examined if factor Xa could actually evoke relaxation through either of these receptor systems in isolated rat aorta. Factor Xa at 8.5-85 nM, like the PAR-2-activators trypsin and SLIGRL-NH(2), produced nitric oxide-dependent relaxation in the precontracted aortic rings. PAR-2 desensitization abolished relaxation responses to factor Xa as well as trypsin in the rings. The factor Xa interepidermal growth factor synthetic peptide L(83)FTRKL(88)(G)-NH(2), known to block factor Xa binding to EPR-1, failed to inhibit factor Xa-evoked relaxation in the preparations. Our findings provide evidence that factor Xa evokes relaxation by activating PAR-2, but independently of EPR-1, in the rat aorta. The factor Xa-PAR-2 pathway might thus contribute to the severe hypotension during sepsis, in which multiple coagulation factors including factor X would become activated and PAR-2 would be induced.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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