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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1974 Apr 27;349(1):61-77.

The isolation from ribonucleic acid of substituted uridines containing alpha-aminobutyrate moieties derived from methionine.

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Cellular and Molecular Radiobiology Group, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, University of California, Los Alamos, N.M. 87544, USA.


The RNA of an established line of Chinese hamster cells growing in cell culture contains a small number of uridines substituted at the 3-position with a gamma-linked alpha-aminobutyrate residue. Structure has been ascertained by: (a) examination of incorporation of isotopic labels from precursors; (b) degradation with anhydrous hydrazine and comparison of the products with synthetic material or with hydrazinolysis products of known uridines; and (c) comparison of the unknowns as their hydantoin derivatives with the 5-beta-(bromoethyl)hydantoin alkylation products of uridine and of 1- and 3-methylpseudouridine. In this manner it is shown that 18-S RNA of ribosomes contains a single residue of a nucleoside which we tentatively identify as 1-methyl-3-gamma-(alpha-amino-alpha-carboxypropyl)pseudouridine per molecule. RNA isolated from the supernatant fraction, sedimenting at 4 S and co-electrophoresing with transfer RNA on polyacrylamide gels, contains several similar bases, one of which is identified as 3-gamma-(alpha-amino-alpha-carboxypropyl)uridine. Each of the above nucleosides derives its alpha-aminobutyrate residue from methionine.

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