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Transfusion. 2001 Jun;41(6):766-70.

Platelet alloantibodies in transfused patients.

Author information

1
Department of Transfusion Medicine, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany. volker.kiefel@med.uni-rostock.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients receiving cellular blood components may form HLA antibodies and platelet-specific alloantibodies.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

Serum samples from a cohort of 252 patients with hematologic or oncologic diseases who are receiving cellular blood components were studied for platelet-reactive antibodies. Specificity of platelet alloantibodies was determined with a panel of typed platelets

RESULTS:

Platelet-reactive antibodies were detected in the sera of 113 patients (44.8% of 252), HLA antibodies in the sera of 108 (42.9%), and platelet-specific antibodies in the sera of 20 (8%). The following platelet-specific antibodies were identified: anti-HPA-5b (n = 10), anti-HPA-1b (n = 4), anti-HPA-5a (n = 2), anti-HPA-1a (n = 1), anti-HPA-2b (n = 1), anti-HPA-1b+5b (n = 1), and anti-HPA-1b+2b (n = 1). Fifteen sera from the 108 patients with anti-HLA (13.9%) contained additional platelet-specific alloantibodies, while in 5 sera, platelet-specific alloantibodies only were detected: anti-HPA-5b (n = 4) and anti-HPA-1a (n = 1). Of the 108 sera with HLA antibodies, 29 (26.9%) showed discordant results when studied with the lymphocytotoxicity test and the glycoprotein-specific immunoassay. Ten sera contained panreactive antibodies against platelet glycoproteins (GP) IIb/IIIa, GPIa/IIa, and/or GPIb/IX. Alloimmunization occurred in 58.3 percent of female patients with previous pregnancies, but in only 23.3 percent of those without previous pregnancies (p = 0.0049).

CONCLUSION:

Platelet alloantibody specificities in transfused patients (predominantly anti-HPA-5b and -1b with antigen frequencies <30% among whites) differ significantly from those observed in patients with neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia or posttransfusion purpura, in whom anti-HPA-1a (antigen frequency >95%) is the most prevalent specificity. HLA antibody detection yields discordant results when the lymphocytotoxicity assay and a glycoprotein-specific immunoglobulin-binding assay are used.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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