Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Chest. 2001 Jun;119(6):1901-5.

Talc preparations used for pleurodesis vary markedly from one preparation to another.

Author information

1
Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

At the present time, talc is the one of the agents most commonly used for the production of a pleurodesis. However, there have been several recent reports of acute pneumonitis developing after the intrapleural administration of talc. The incidence of pneumonitis has varied markedly from center to center.

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the physical characteristics of talc used for the production of pleurodesis in various localities.

DESIGN:

Eight talc preparations (four from the United States, and one each from Brazil, France, Spain, and Taiwan) were analyzed for the distribution of the particle size and the type and amount of impurities.

MEASUREMENTS:

The physical characteristics of the talc specimens were determined using radiograph diffraction and scanning electron microscopy.

RESULTS:

The mean and median particle size varied by more than a factor of three among the eight different talc preparations. In addition, the impurities of the different talc preparations were quite varied.

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that there is marked variation in the physical characteristics of the talc preparations used intrapleurally for the production of a pleurodesis. We speculate that different incidences of acute pneumonitis at various centers after intrapleural administration of talc may be due to differences in the physical characteristics of the talc preparations used for pleurodesis.

PMID:
11399721
DOI:
10.1378/chest.119.6.1901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center