Send to

Choose Destination
Chest. 2001 Jun;119(6):1761-5.

Impaired left ventricular filling due to right ventricular pressure overload in primary pulmonary hypertension: noninvasive monitoring using MRI.

Author information

Departments of Clinical Physics and Informatics, University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.



To analyze the effect of primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) on cardiac function using MRI.


In 12 patients (9 women; age range, 30 to 56 years), the diagnosis of PPH had been established by catheterization (mean +/- SD pulmonary artery pressure [PAP] was 56 +/- 8 mm Hg). With breath-hold cine MRI, a series of short-axis images was acquired covering the whole left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV). The curvature, defined as 1 divided by the radius of curvature in centimeters, was calculated for the septum and the LV free wall in early diastole. Leftward ventricular septal bowing (LVSB) is denoted by a negative curvature. For the LV and the RV, the end-diastolic volume (EDV), stroke volume (SV), and volumetric filling rate were calculated. The control subjects were all healthy (n = 14; 11 women; age range, 20 to 57 years).


In the patients, LVSB was quantified in early diastole by the septal curvature of - 0.14 +/- 0.07 cm(-1), and the septal to free-wall curvature ratio of - 0.42 +/- 0.21. LV EDV and LV SV correlated negatively with diastolic PAP (p = 0.004 and p = 0.04, respectively). In patients vs control subjects, RV SV was reduced (52 +/- 12 mL vs 82 +/- 11 mL, p < 0.0001); LV peak filling rate was smaller (2.2 +/- 0.7 EDV/s vs 3.3 +/- 0.5 EDV/s, p < 0.001); LV EDV was smaller (81 +/- 23 mL vs 117 +/- 19 mL, p = 0.001); and LV SV was smaller (49 +/- 18 mL vs 83 +/- 13 mL, p < 0.0001).


In PPH, RV pressure overload leads to LVSB and reduced RV output. By decreased blood delivery, LV filling is reduced, which results in decreased LV SV by the Frank-Starling mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center