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Hum Gene Ther. 2001 Jun 10;12(9):1079-89.

Long-term engraftment of nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient mice with human CD34+ cells transduced by a self-inactivating human immunodeficiency virus type 1 vector.

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Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.


Human hematopoietic cells with in vivo repopulating potential hold much promise as a target for corrective gene transfer for numerous inherited or acquired hematopoietic disorders. Here we demonstrate long-term hematopoietic reconstitution of nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice with human CD34(+) cells transduced by an HIV-1-based self-inactivating (SIN) vector encoding the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). Human umbilical cord CD34(+) cells were transduced (up to 76%) at a low multiplicity of infection (MOI of 5) in the absence of cytokine prestimulation. Introduction of transduced hCD34(+) cells into irradiated recipients resulted in multilineage engraftment and stable transgene expression for 18 weeks posttransplantation. Bone marrow from transplanted mice contained up to 50% hCD45(+) cells and up to 63% hCD45(+)/EGFP(+) cells. Analysis of extramedullar splenic reconstitution showed up to 13% hCD45(+) cells and up to 41% hCD45(+)/EGFP(+) cells. Analysis of human progenitor cells isolated from bone marrow of recipient animals showed equivalent percentages of EGFP(+) colony-forming cells (CFCs) by fluorescence microscopy and by PCR analysis of provirus sequences, indicating minimal transgene silencing in vivo. These findings demonstrate the utility of lentivirus-based SIN vectors for hematopoietic stem cell gene transfer and provide strong support for their future clinical evaluation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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