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Ann Oncol. 2001 Apr;12(4):535-40.

Carcinoma of an unknown primary site: a chemotherapy strategy based on histological differentiation--results of a prospective study.

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1
Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France. mahasti_s@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of a chemotherapy strategy based on histological differentiation, for patients with carcinoma of unknown primary site.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Forty-eight patients were prospectively included in the trial. Thirty patients with poorly-differentiated carcinoma or poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma (group A) received a combination of cisplatin and etoposide. Patients with a responsive or stable disease after two cycles received the same regimen plus bleomycin, ifosfamide and G-CSF. Eighteen patients with well- or moderately-differentiated carcinoma (group B) received cisplatin, continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and alpha-interferon. Treatment was maintained in case of response or stable disease for up to six cycles.

RESULTS:

The overall response rate (RR) for the entire group is 43% (95% confidence interval (CI): 35.9%-50.1%): seven CR and five PR in group A (RR = 40%) and six CR and two PR in group B (RR = 44%). Grade 4 leucopenia was observed in 22 (46%) patients and sepsis in 3 (6%). Median survival is 9.4 months (range 5-13.7 months) and 16.1 months (range 11.8 20.3 months), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

This chemotherapy strategy is one way to achieve high response rates, particularly for patients with well- or moderately-differentiated adenocarcinoma usually considered poorly chemosensitive.

PMID:
11398889
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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