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Am J Pathol. 2001 Jun;158(6):2177-84.

Unbalanced expression of 11p15 imprinted genes in focal forms of congenital hyperinsulinism: association with a reduction to homozygosity of a mutation in ABCC8 or KCNJ11.

Author information

1
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale UR 383. the Departments of Pathology and Pediatrics, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Université René Descartes, Paris, France.

Abstract

Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI), previously named persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy, is characterized by profound hypoglycemia because of excessive insulin secretion. CHI presents as two different morphological forms: a diffuse form with functional abnormality of islets throughout the pancreas and a focal form with focal islet cell adenomatous hyperplasia, which can be cured by partial pancreatectomy. Recently, we have shown that focal adenomatous hyperplasia involves the specific loss of the maternal 11p15 region and a constitutional mutation of a paternally inherited allele of the gene encoding the regulating subunit of the K(+)(ATP) channel, the sulfonylurea receptor (ABCC8 or SUR1). In the present study on a large series of 31 patients, describing both morphological features and molecular data, we report that 61% of cases (19 out of 31) carried a paternally inherited mutation not only in the ABCC8 gene as previously described but also in the second gene encoding the K(+)(ATP) channel, the inward rectifying potassium channel (KCNJ11 or KIR6.2), in 15 cases and 4 cases, respectively. Moreover our results are consistent with the presence of a duplicated paternal 11p15 allele probably because of mitotic recombination or reduplication of the paternal chromosome after somatic loss of the maternal chromosome. In agreement with the loss of the maternal chromosome, the level of expression of a maternally expressed tumor suppressor gene, H19, was greatly reduced compared to the level of expression of the paternally expressed growth promoter gene, IGF2. The expression of IGF2 was on average only moderately increased. Thus, focal forms of CHI can be considered to be a recessive somatic disease, associating an imbalance in the expression of imprinted genes in the 11p15.5 region to a somatic reduction to homozygosity of an ABCC8- or KCNJ11-recessive mutation. The former is responsible for the abnormal growth rate, as in embryonic tumors, whereas the latter leads to unregulated secretion of insulin.

PMID:
11395395
PMCID:
PMC1891997
DOI:
10.1016/S0002-9440(10)64689-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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