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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Jun 8;284(2):507-14.

Rb-associated protein 46 (RbAp46) inhibits transcriptional transactivation mediated by BRCA1.

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Division of Growth Regulation, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel-Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.


The retinoblastoma suppressor (Rb)-associated protein 46 (RbAp46) is a member of the WD-repeat protein family and a component of the histone modifying and remodeling complexes. Previously, we demonstrated that RbAp46 is a potent growth inhibitor that can suppress the transformed phenotype of tumor cells. To explore the molecular mechanisms of RbAp46 function, we used RbAp46 as a bait in a yeast two-hybrid screening and found that RbAp46 interacts specifically with the C-terminal region of BRCA1 (the BRCT domain), a domain involved in the t transactivation activity of BRCA1. Coimmunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that the interaction of RbAp46 with BRCA1 requires the first two of the four Trp-Asp (WD)-repeats of RbAp46. We also showed that expression of RbAp46 represses the transactivation activity mediated by the BRCT/Gal4 fusion protein and inhibits the transactivation of the p21 promoter mediated by the full-length BRCA1. Interestingly, the association of BRCA1 and RbAp46 is disrupted in cells treated with DNA-damaging agents. These results suggest that RbAp46 may specifically interact with BRCA1 and modulate its transactivation activity in response to DNA damage.

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