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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Jun 8;284(2):455-60.

Identification of a single nucleotide polymorphism in the TATA box of the CYP2A6 gene: impairment of its promoter activity.

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Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, 171 77, Sweden.


Human cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) constitutes the major nicotine oxidase, and large interindividual differences are seen in the levels of this enzyme, to a great extent caused by the distribution of several different polymorphic gene variants mainly located in the open reading frame (ORF). In the present study, we report a common polymorphism located in the 5' flanking region of CYP2A6 affecting its expression. DHPLC analysis and complete sequence of the open reading frame of the gene from a Turkish individual revealed a -48T > G substitution disrupting the TATA box. Using dynamic allele-specific hybridization (DASH), genotyping of this novel variant (named CYP2A6*9) was carried out in 116 Swedish, 132 Turkish, and 102 Chinese subjects, and the allele frequencies were found to be 5.2, 7.2, and 15.7%, respectively. The significance of the polymorphism was investigated by the construction of luciferase reporter plasmids containing 135 or 500 bp of the 5'-upstream region of the gene transfected into human hepatoma B16A2 cells. The constructs carrying the -48T > G mutation were only expressed at about 50% of the wild-type alleles. It is concluded that the CYP2A6*9 allele might be one of the most common CYP2A6 variants in Caucasians that alters the levels of enzyme expression.

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