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Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2001 Mar;30(1):223-41.

Pouch and pouchitis.

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  • 1Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.


Pouchitis is an inflammation of unknown origin occurring in the ileal pouch after IPAA. It is considered by many to be a form of ulcerative colitis that recurs in the pouch and rarely, if ever, occurs in patients with FAP. Most patients respond to a short course of antibiotics. When remission cannot be maintained or the disease is nonresponsive to prolonged treatment with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory agents or steroids may be useful. A variety of alternative drugs have been tried with mixed success and should be considered as experimental. Rarely, when pouchitis is refractory to medical management, excision of the pouch may be required.

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