Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Exp Med. 2001 Jun 4;193(11):1311-8.

CD4(+)CD25(+) immune regulatory cells are required for induction of tolerance to alloantigen via costimulatory blockade.

Author information

  • 1University of Minnesota Cancer Center and Department of Pediatrics, Division of Bone Marrow Transplantation, 420 SE Delaware St., Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.

Abstract

Immune regulatory CD4(+)CD25(+) cells play a vital role in the induction and maintenance of self-tolerance and are essential for T cell homeostasis and the prevention of autoimmunity. Induction of tolerance to allogeneic donor grafts is a clinically desirable goal in bone marrow and solid organ transplantation. To determine whether CD4(+)CD25(+) cells regulate T cell responses to alloantigen and are critical for tolerance induction, murine CD4(+) T cells were tolerized to alloantigen via ex vivo CD40 ligand (CD40L)/CD40 or CD28/cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4/B7 blockade resulting in secondary mixed leukocyte reaction hyporesponsiveness and tolerance to alloantigen in vivo. CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells were found to be potent regulators of alloresponses. Depletion of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells from the CD4(+) responder population completely abrogated ex vivo tolerance induction to alloantigen as measured by intact responses to alloantigen restimulation in vitro and in vivo. Addback of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells to CD4(+)CD25(-) cultures restored tolerance induction. These data are the first to indicate that CD4(+)CD25(+) cells are essential for the induction of tolerance to alloantigen and have important implications for tolerance-inducing strategies targeted at T cell costimulatory pathways.

PMID:
11390438
PMCID:
PMC2193378
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk