Send to

Choose Destination
J Exp Med. 2001 Jun 4;193(11):1311-8.

CD4(+)CD25(+) immune regulatory cells are required for induction of tolerance to alloantigen via costimulatory blockade.

Author information

University of Minnesota Cancer Center and Department of Pediatrics, Division of Bone Marrow Transplantation, 420 SE Delaware St., Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.


Immune regulatory CD4(+)CD25(+) cells play a vital role in the induction and maintenance of self-tolerance and are essential for T cell homeostasis and the prevention of autoimmunity. Induction of tolerance to allogeneic donor grafts is a clinically desirable goal in bone marrow and solid organ transplantation. To determine whether CD4(+)CD25(+) cells regulate T cell responses to alloantigen and are critical for tolerance induction, murine CD4(+) T cells were tolerized to alloantigen via ex vivo CD40 ligand (CD40L)/CD40 or CD28/cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4/B7 blockade resulting in secondary mixed leukocyte reaction hyporesponsiveness and tolerance to alloantigen in vivo. CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells were found to be potent regulators of alloresponses. Depletion of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells from the CD4(+) responder population completely abrogated ex vivo tolerance induction to alloantigen as measured by intact responses to alloantigen restimulation in vitro and in vivo. Addback of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells to CD4(+)CD25(-) cultures restored tolerance induction. These data are the first to indicate that CD4(+)CD25(+) cells are essential for the induction of tolerance to alloantigen and have important implications for tolerance-inducing strategies targeted at T cell costimulatory pathways.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center