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Vet Microbiol. 2001 Aug 8;81(3):257-71.

Detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in tissue samples by single, fluorescent and nested PCR based on the IS900 gene.

Author information

1
Department of Bacteriology, National Veterinary Institute, S-751 89, Uppsala, Sweden. stina.englund@sva.se

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine if fluorescent PCR could be used instead of nested PCR, for the detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (M. paratuberculosis) in clinical specimens, to improve the sensitivity without increasing the risk for cross-contamination. We investigated and compared the sensitivity of single PCR, fluorescent PCR and nested PCR for the detection of IS900, an insertion sequence specific for M. paratuberculosis. A previously described extraction method for clinical specimens, based on xylene, was evaluated regarding its suitability for routine diagnostic work. The sensitivity of each PCR system was assessed by analysing a serial dilution of M. paratuberculosis DNA. To improve the reliability of the PCR and to facilitate the interpretation of the PCR results, a positive internal control molecule ("mimic") was developed and used for single and fluorescent PCR. In nested PCR, an existing mimic was used. The efficiency of recovering DNA of M. paratuberculosis from clinical specimens by the extraction method and detection of the organism by PCR was studied by analysing spiked ileum mucosa specimens. The final evaluation was performed on seventeen ileum mucosa specimens, previously found positive for M. paratuberculosis by bacterial culture. Twelve of the samples were positive by fluorescent PCR and nested PCR, and 10 samples were positive by single PCR. The use of mimics showed inhibition in specimens harbouring few M. paratuberculosis organisms, illustrating the effect of inhibitory substances in combination with small amounts of M. paratuberculosis DNA. We conclude that the extraction method was not adequate to recover small amounts of M. paratuberculosis and that inhibitory substances were still present in the processed specimens, but that the method is useful for identifying positive samples. Fluorescent PCR was a suitable alternative to both single PCR and nested PCR for the detection of M. paratuberculosis.

PMID:
11390109
DOI:
10.1016/s0378-1135(01)00348-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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