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Peptides. 2001 Jun;22(6):935-44.

A role for the angiotensin IV/AT4 system in mediating natriuresis in the rat.

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1
Department of Psychology, Washington State University, PO Box 64480, Pullman, WA 99164-4820, USA.

Abstract

Angiotensin II (AngII) or Angiotensin IV (AngIV) was infused into the renal artery of anesthetized rats while renal cortical blood flow was measured via laser Doppler flowmetry. The infusion of AngII produced a significant elevation in mean arterial pressure (MAP) with an accompanying decrease in cortical blood flow, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urine volume, and urine sodium excretion. The infusion of AngIV induced significant increases in renal cortical blood flow and urine sodium excretion, without altering MAP, GFR, and urine volume. Pretreatment infusion with a specific AT1 receptor antagonist, DuP 753, blocked or attenuated the subsequent AngII effects, while pretreatment infusion with the specific AT4 receptor antagonist, Divalinal-AngIV, blocked the AngIV effects. These results support distinct and opposite roles for AngII and AngIV, i.e. AngII acts as an anti-natriuretic agent, while AngIV acts as a natriuretic agent.

PMID:
11390024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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