Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Transplant. 2001 Jun;15(3):154-8.

Peri-operative cardiac morbidity in kidney transplant recipients: incidence and risk factors.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Renal transplant recipients are known to be at increased risk for developing cardiac disease. In both general and peripheral vascular surgery, pre-operative risk stratification (and intervention when indicated) has decreased the incidence of peri-operative cardiac complications. In this study, we set out to identify subsets of patients at high risk for peri-operative cardiac complications after a renal transplant.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed the records of 2694 adult renal transplants performed at the University of Minnesota between January 1, 1985 and December 31, 1998. We determined the incidence of peri-operative (within 30 d post-transplant) cardiac complications, including myocardial infarction (MI). Risk factors for the development of these complications were determined by multivariate analysis.

RESULTS:

We found 163 peri-operative cardiac complications, for an overall incidence of 6.1%. Specific cardiac complications included MI (n=43, 1.6%), arrhythmia (n=74, 2.7%), angina (n=31, 1.2%), cardiac arrest (n=13, 0.5%), and congestive heart failure (n= 2, 0.1%). By multivariate analysis, significant risk factors for any cardiac complication were age> or =50 yr (relative risk (RR)=3.0, p=0.0001) and pre-transplant cardiac disease (RR=3.3, p=0.0001). Not significant were diabetes mellitus (DM), cadaver donor source, pre-transplant dialysis, a history of smoking, and hypertension. Significant risk factors for peri-operative MI were age> or =50 yr, pre-existing cardiac disease, and DM. Diabetic patients with pre-existing cardiac disease were at especially high risk for peri-operative cardiac events.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients>50 yr and those with pre-existing cardiac disease, especially if diabetic, are at significantly increased risk for developing peri-operative cardiac complications after a renal transplant. Such patients require aggressive pre-operative investigations, which may include coronary angiography, to decrease the risk of post-transplant complications.

PMID:
11389704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center