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Clin Chem Lab Med. 2001 Apr;39(4):317-8.

beta-Amyloid-induced cytotoxicity, peroxide generation and blockade of glutamate uptake in cultured astrocytes.

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Cajal Institute, CSIC, Madrid, Spain.


beta-Amyloid (betaA) is cytotoxic to neurons in culture by increasing hydrogen peroxide and altering calcium homeostasis. We have evaluated betaA-induced cytotoxicity, peroxide generation and glutamate (Glu) uptake in cultured astrocytes. Twenty-four hours after a single addition of either betaA25-35 or betaA1-40there was a concentration-dependent decrease in viability. Catalase or vitamin E showed no protective effect against betaA25-35 Dithiothreitol (DTT), N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and cyclosporine A significantly prevented the toxic effects of both betaA25-35 and peroxide, while inhibition of peroxide detoxifying enzymes enhanced toxicity. Exposure to betaA25-35 or betaA1-40 increased peroxides at 2 h and 24 h, which was prevented by DTT and NAC, but not vitamin E. betaA25-35 inhibited Glu uptake in astrocytes and neurons in culture. Following exposure of neurons to betaA for 24 h there was decreased uptake and increased Glu levels in the culture medium, that resulted in gradual excitotoxicity.

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