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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2001 May;12(5):521-8.

Worldwide clinical experience with a new dual-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillator system.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, University of Heidelberg, Germany. wolfgang_schoels@med.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Management of atrial tachyarrhythmias represents a significant challenge in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). Drug therapy of these arrhythmias is limited by moderate efficacy, ventricular proarrhythmia, and drug-device interactions. This study tested the safety and efficacy of a new dual-chamber ICD to detect and treat atrial as well as ventricular tachyarrhythmias.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

A dual-chamber ICD (Medtronic 7250 Jewel AF) was implanted in 293 of 303 patients at 49 centers in Europe, Canada, and North America. Specific data were collected at implant and during a mean follow-up period of 7.9+/-4.7 months. There were no clinically evident failures to detect and treat ventricular arrhythmias. In patients with at least one of the dual-chamber detection criteria activated, 1,056 of 1,192 episodes of ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation detected were judged to be appropriate (89% positive predictive accuracy). Therapy efficacy was 100% in the ventricular fibrillation zone and 98% in the ventricular tachycardia zone. Positive predictive accuracy for detection of atrial episodes was 95% (1,052/1,107). For episodes classified as atrial tachycardia by the device, the efficacy of atrial antitachycardia pacing and high-frequency (50-Hz) burst pacing was 55% and 17%, respectively. High-frequency burst pacing terminated 16.8% of episodes classified as atrial fibrillation, and atrial defibrillation had an estimated efficacy of 76%. The actuarial estimates of 6-month complication-free survival and total survival were 88% and 94%, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

This novel dual-chamber ICD is capable of safely and effectively discriminating atrial from ventricular tachyarrhythmias and of treating atrial tachyarrhythmias without compromising detection and treatment of ventricular tachyarrhythmias.

PMID:
11386511
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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