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Cell Signal. 2001 Jun;13(6):377-87.

Phosphoinositides: key players in cell signalling, in time and space.

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  • 1INSERM U326, Hôpital Purpan, IFR 30, 31059, Toulouse, France. payrastr@purpan.inserm.fr

Abstract

Over the last few years, many reports have extended our knowledge of the inositol lipid metabolism and brought out some exciting information about the location, the variety and the role of phosphoinositides (PIs). Besides the so-called "canonical PI pathway" leading to the production of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2), the precursor of the intracellular second messengers inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and diacylglycerol (DAG), many other metabolic pathways have been identified to produce seven different polyphosphoinositides. Several of these quantitatively minor lipid molecules appear to be specifically involved in the control of cellular events, such as the spatial and temporal organisation of key signalling pathways, the rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton or the intracellular vesicle trafficking. This is consistent with the fact that many of the enzymes, such as kinases and phosphatases, involved in the tight control of the intracellular level of polyphosphoinositides, are regulated and/or relocated through cell surface receptors for extracellular ligands. The remarkable feature of PIs, which can be rapidly synthesised and degraded in discrete membrane domains or even subnuclear structures, places them as ideal regulators and integrators of very dynamic mechanisms of cell regulation. In this review, we will summarise recent studies on the potential location, the metabolic pathways and the role of the different PIs. Some aspects of the temporal synthesis of D3 PIs will also be discussed.

PMID:
11384836
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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