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Patient Educ Couns. 2001 Jun;43(3):219-30.

Rehabilitation outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI).

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Centre for Public Health Research, School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Queensland 4059, Brisbane, Australia.


This prospective study evaluated the effect of an individualized, comprehensive, home-based cardiac rehabilitation program combining exercise training with risk factor modification and psychosocial counseling on risk factors, psychological well-being, functional capacity, and work resumption in 99 post-percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) patients randomized to control (standard care plus telephone follow-up, n=49) or intervention (individualized, comprehensive, home-based cardiac rehabilitation, n=50) groups. Data were collected at time 1 (T(1)) during hospital admission, time 2 (T(2)) approximately 2 months post-PCI, and time 3 (T(3)) approximately 12 months post-PCI. Results suggest that the allocation to an individualized, comprehensive, home-based cardiac rehabilitation program provided more advantageous outcomes. At both follow-ups, the intervention group showed within-group improvement in serum cholesterol levels (P<0.02; P<0.01) and exercise participation (P<0.001; P<0.001) with differences in exercise participation favoring the intervention group (P<0.01) at T(2). Repeated measures ANOVA showed significant improvements over time in body mass index (BMI) (P<0.01), psychological well-being (P<0.001), and functional capacity (P<0.001) for both groups. More patients in the intervention group had returned to work at T(2) (P<0.001) and did so more quickly (P<0.01). These findings suggest that an individualized, comprehensive, home-based cardiac rehabilitation program improves risk factor profiles and work resumption patterns for patients following PCI.

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