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Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Jun;97(6):982-7.

In-home nursing care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and cost.

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Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.



To evaluate a program that provides in-home care to women with pregnancies threatened by preterm delivery (including preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, and multiple gestation) and women with pregnancy-related hypertension.


Data from hospital discharge summaries were used to compare birth outcomes and cost of care for women in the in-home program and a cohort of women who received in-hospital antenatal care before the new program. Birth outcomes included data for mothers and infants. The sample included 437 women with threatened preterm delivery (n = 228 in-home, n = 209 in-hospital) and 308 with hypertension (n = 155 in-home, n = 153 in-hospital). The cost per woman included all costs of services for mothers and infants.


Women at risk of preterm delivery who received in-home care were half as likely to have their infants in the neonatal intensive care unit more than 48 hours (odds ratio 0.53, 95% confidence interval 0.36, 0.78). On average, their infants weighed more (2732 +/- 716 g versus 2330 +/- 749 g, P <.001) and were 2 weeks older at birth (36.1 +/- 3.1 weeks versus 34.0 +/- 4.0 weeks, P <.001). There was a wide range in the total cost per woman and no significant difference between cohorts. For women with hypertension, there were no significant differences between in-home and in-hospital cohorts in birth outcomes or costs of care per woman.


The program with current admission criteria, staffing, and guidelines for antenatal hospital admission provides safe care to women at similar cost to that of hospitalization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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