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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2001 Jun;13(6):882-8.

Tumor microvascular characterization using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (USPIO) in an experimental breast cancer model.

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Center for Pharmaceutical and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, USA.


The diagnostic potential of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (USPIO) for quantitative tumor microvessel characterization was assessed by kinetic analysis of dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a rodent breast cancer model. Microvascular characteristics (transendothelial permeability (K(PS)) and fractional plasma volume (fPV)) were estimated in 32 female Sprague Dawley rats, bearing breast tumors of varying malignancy. These values were compared to a prototype macromolecular contrast medium standard, albumin-(GdDTPA)(30). Transendothelial permeability (K(PS)) correlated significantly (P < 0.05) with the tumor grade (Scarff-Bloom-Richardson (SBR) score) for the USPIO (r = 0.36), as well as for the reference macromolecule, albumin-(GdDTPA)(30) (r = 0.54). Estimates for the fPV did not show a statistically significant correlation with the tumor grade for either contrast medium. In conclusion, USPIO-enhanced MRI data were capable to characterize tumor microvessel properties in this breast cancer model: microvascular permeability (determined using USPIO) correlated significantly with tumor grade. Thus, quantitative estimation of microvascular characteristics in tumors could provide a surrogate of new vessel formation (angiogenesis) and thus a further important clinical indication for USPIO, in addition to MR angiography. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2001;13:882-888.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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