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Nurs Clin North Am. 2001 Jun;36(2):175-92, v.

Type 2 diabetes: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and diagnosis.

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  • 1Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes is a major global health problem that affects over 124 million individuals worldwide. In the United States, type 2 diabetes affects 90% of the 15.6 persons with diabetes, of which approximately one half remain undiagnosed. Type 2 diabetes is increasing exponentially especially among minority populations. In addition, type 2 diabetes, which is normally associated with older adults, is becoming more common in children and adolescents. There are a variety of environmental and genetic factors that seem to mediate the development of type 2 diabetes. This article explores the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and identifies risk factors associated with the development of this disorder.

PMID:
11382558
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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