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Med J Aust. 2000 Dec 4-18;173(11-12):583-5.

Malaria in the Australian Defence Force during and after participation in the International Force in East Timor (INTERFET).

Author information

1
Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, QLD. scott.kitchener@defence.gov.au

Abstract

Malaria in Australian Defence Force members has been far more common in East Timor than in other recent overseas deployments. By six months after all 5,500 members of the International Force in East Timor had returned to Australia, 267 malaria infections had been reported to the Army Malaria Institute. Only 64 of those affected had their first clinical episode during their 4-5 months in East Timor, and about two-thirds of these infections were caused by Plasmodium falciparum. The remaining 212 soldiers developed their first symptoms after returning to Australia, and all but two infections were caused by P. vivax. After treatment, 44 soldiers had relapses of their vivax infections; 11 had a second relapse and two had a third relapse. These findings raise several issues about prevention and management of malaria in the ADF.

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PMID:
11379495
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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