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J Environ Radioact. 2001;53(3):351-63.

Spectral deconvolution and operational use of stripping ratios in airborne radiometrics.

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  • 1Scottish Universities Research & Reactor Centre, Scottish Enterprise Technology Park, East Kilbride, Glasgow G75 OQF, UK. d.allyson@surrc.gla.ac.uk

Abstract

Spectral deconvolution using stripping ratios for a set of pre-defined energy windows is the simplest means of reducing the most important part of gamma-ray spectral information. In this way, the effective interferences between the measured peaks are removed, leading, through a calibration, to clear estimates of radionuclide inventory. While laboratory measurements of stripping ratios are relatively easy to acquire, with detectors placed above small-scale calibration pads of known radionuclide concentrations, the extrapolation to measurements at altitudes where airborne survey detectors are used bring difficulties such as air-path attenuation and greater uncertainties in knowing ground level inventories. Stripping ratios are altitude dependent, and laboratory measurements using various absorbers to simulate the air-path have been used with some success. Full-scale measurements from an aircraft require a suitable location where radionuclide concentrations vary little over the field of view of the detector (which may be hundreds of metres). Monte Carlo simulations offer the potential of full-scale reproduction of gamma-ray transport and detection mechanisms. Investigations have been made to evaluate stripping ratios using experimental and Monte Carlo methods.

PMID:
11379062
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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